Von Spix type specimens of Neotropical primates at the Bavarian State Collection of Zoology

Von Spix type specimens of Neotropical primates at the Bavarian State Collection of Zoology

Section Mammalogy - Collections

J. B. von Spix collected many interesting zoological specimens during his travels in South America from 1817 to 1820. The type specimens of Neotropical primates described by von Spix (1823), which are stored at the Bavarian State Collection of Zoology (German: Zoologische Staatssammlung München, Staatliche Naturwissenschaftliche Sammlungen Bayerns), are figured in the present collection. With the exception of the type of Pithecia capillamentosa, all specimens were collected by von Spix during his journey in Brazil from 1817-1820.

The figures consist of scientifically accurate renderings of the specimens in their current condition. They were created by a group of artists, associated with the Bavarian State Collection of Zoology, under the guidance of medal-winning scientific artist Barbara Ruppel, consisting of: Anja Bolata, Rudolf Gerer, Dr. Thassilo Franke, Dr. Taciana Ottowitz, Ruth Moch, Michael Jicha and Marco Calogera. The images have been given additional artistic value by adding elements, such as native plants. When using these figures, please credit the original artist.

Publications containing these figures

van Heteren, A. H. & Kraft, R. 2019. Von Spix type specimens of Neotropical primates at the Bavarian State Collection of Zoology: a revision with reference to the currently recognised species (Mammalia, Primates, Platyrrhina). Spixiana 42(1).

Unsöld, M. 2019. Über die Primaten der Brasilienexpedition des Johann Baptist Ritter von Spix: Naturwissenschaftliche Illustrationen aller 41 “Spixaffen” der ZSM. Berichte der Freunde der ZSM Band 5. München (Freunde der Zoologische Staatssammlung München).

van Heteren, Anneke H. (2019). Von Spix type specimens of Neotropical primates at the Bavarian State Collection of Zoology. Spixiana (Vol. 42). München, Germany: Freunde der Zoologischen Staatssammlung München e.V. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3260267

 

Spix nameValid name 2013Valid name 2015Specimen NoImage
Jacchus pygmaeusCebuella pygmaea pygmaea (Spix, 1823)20image
Jacchus albicollisCallithrix jacchus (Linnaeus, 1758)6image
Midas nigricollisSaguinus nigricollis nigricollis (Spix, 1823)21image
Midas fuscicollisSaguinus fuscicollis fuscicollis (Spix, 1823)13image
Midas fuscicollisSaguinus fuscicollis fuscicollis (Spix, 1823)12image
Midas fuscicollisSaguinus fuscicollis fuscicollis (Spix, 1823)5image
Midas fuscicollisSaguinus niger (É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1903)30image
Midas mystaxSaguinus mystax mystax (Spix, 1823)29image
Midas bicolorSaguinus bicolor (Spix, 1823)7image
Midas oedipus (varietas)Saguinus geoffroyi (Pucheran, 1845)4image
Cebus cucullatusSapajus nigritus (Goldfuss, 1809)8image
Cebus libidinosusSapajus libidinosus (Spix, 1823)28image
Cebus libidinosusSapajus libidinosus (Spix, 1823)90image
Cebus xanthocephalusSapajus xanthosternos (Wied-Neuwied, 1826)18image
Cebus macrocephalusSapajus macrocephalus (Spix, 1823)17image
Cebus unicolorCebus unicolor Spix, 182323image
Cebus macrocephalusSapajus macrocephalus (Spix, 1823)25image
Cebus macrocephalusSapajus macrocephalus (Spix, 1823)27image
Cebus unicolorCebus unicolor Spix, 182386image
Cebus gracilisCebus albifrons (Humboldt, 1812)84image
Nyctipithecus felinusAotus trivirgatus (Humboldt, 1812)16image
Nyctipithecus felinusAotus trivirgatus (Humboldt, 1812)1823/4image
Nyctipithecus vociferansAotus vociferans (Spix, 1823)2image
Callithrix cupreaCallicebus cupreus (Spix, 1823)24image
Callithrix cupreaCallicebus cupreus (Spix, 1823)10image
Callithrix cupreaCallicebus cupreus (Spix, 1823)89image
Callithrix cinerascensCallicebus cinerascens (Spix, 1823)3image
Callithrix nigrifronsCallicebus nigrifrons (Spix, 1823)88image
Callithrix gigotCallicebus melanochir (Wied-Neuwied, 1820)26image
Pithecia capillamentosaPithecia pithecia chrysocephala (I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1850)Pithecia chrysocephala (I. Geoffroy, 1850)1image
Pithecia hirsutaPithecia monachus monachus (É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1812)Pithecia hirsuta Spix, 182314image
Pithecia hirsutaPithecia monachus monachus (É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1812)Pithecia hirsuta Spix, 182319image
Pithecia hirsutaPithecia monachus monachus (É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1812)Pithecia hirsuta Spix, 182315image
Brachyurus israelitaChiropotes satanas (Hoffmannsegg, 1807)34image
Brachyurus ouakaryCacajao ouakary (Spix, 1823)11image
Mycetes discolorAlouatta belzebul (Linnaeus, 1766)22image
Mycetes barbatusAlouata caraya (Humboldt, 1812)9image
Gastrimargus infumatusLagothrix lagotricha lagotricha (Humboldt, 1812)188image
Gastrimargus infumatusLagothrix lagotricha lagotricha (Humboldt, 1812)194image
Gastromargus olivaceusLagothrix cana cana (É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1812)32image
Gastromargus olivaceusLagothrix cana cana (É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1812)91image
Brachyteles macrotarsusBrachyteles arachnoides (É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1806)87image