Englisch version

Geometridae of Sokotra islands (Yemen)

Axel Hausmann & Aidas Saldaitis Version 2: July 10, 2009

Joint project of the Zoologische Staatssammlung München (Dr. Axel Hausmann) Sokotra Museum of natural History (SCDP, Hadibu, Sokotra, Yemen) and the Barcode of Life Data Systems / Global Campaign Geometridae (Dr. Paul Hebert, Canada)

The whole list actually contains 29 geometrid species, cf Hausmann (2006; 2009), with one new and unpublished record (Scopula atricapilla).

The whole material was collected by the junior author, major parts of the material will be deposited in SCDP, smaller samples also in ZSM Munich and coll. Saldaitis/Museum Vilnius, Lithuania

“BC” = barcoded specimens (COI 5’) with ID-number

LINK to Neighbor Joining Tree, Kimura 2 Parameter, BOLD database / MEGA4, provided by the courtesy of Paul Hebert, CCDB, Canada

pdf of version 1 (January 31, 2009)

pdf of version 2 (July 10, 2009)

Sokotran habitats (all photos: Aidas Saldaitis) 520

Semi-evergreen woodland of lowland escarpments and sheltered ravines. Topography: Steep limestone escarpments and sheltered parts of limestone plateau also occasionally occurring on granite outliers. Altitude: 150 -750m Dominant plants: Rhus thyrsiflora, Buxus hildebrandtii, Carphalea obovata, Sterculia africana

525

Submontane scrubland. Topography: Granite mountains, slopes and cliffs. Altitude: 750-950m Dominant plants: Dracaena cinnabari, Rhus rhyrsiflora, Euryops arabicus, Buxus pedicillata, Gnidia socotrana, Cocculus balourii

550Croton scrubland of lowland plains. Topography: coastal and inland plains, low rolling inland hills. Altitude: 0-100m Dominant plants: Croton socotranus, Ficus salicifolia, Maerua socotrana157

Succulent shrubland. Topography: Cliffs and limestone escarpments, rocky slopes, rocky granite and limestone hills, steep wadi sides.Altitude: 0-150 ( ~ 500 ) m. Dominant plants: Jatropha unicostata, Croton socotranus, Euphorbia arbuscula, Adenium obesum, Tephrosia apollinea

278

Montane mosaic of evergreen woodland, grassland, dwarf scrubland and cushion vegetation.Topography: Exposed pinnacles, cliffs, slopes, sheltered ravines and patches of cleared grassland, all on granite. Altitude: 950-1500m. Dominant plants: Dracaena cinnabari, Rhus thyrsiflora, Hypericum spp., Helichrysum ssp., Euryops arabicus

Systematic account

Larentiinae

Xanthorhoini

Xanthorhoe holophaea (Hampson, 1899)

x

Male genitalia - aedeagus -- female genitalia

BC ZSM Lep 14018, 14019, 14020, 14021, 14061

Disclisioprocta natalata (Walker, 1862)

n

Male genitalia - aedeagus -- female genitalia

BC ZSM Lep 14016, 14017, 14060

Eupitheciinii

Eupithecia urbanata Fletcher, 1956

eu

Male genitalia - aedeagus -- female genitalia

BC ZSM Lep 14013, 14014, 14015

Pasiphila socotrensis (Herbulot, 1994)

ps

Male genitalia - aedeagus -- female genitalia

BC ZSM Lep 14010, 14011, 14012, 14062

Sterrhinae

Sterrhini

Idaea africarabica khameesi Hausmann, 2009

iak

ikg ika

ikf

Male genitalia (paratype) - aedeagus(paratype) -- female genitalia (paratype)

BC ZSM Lep 14024 (holotype), 14025, 14058, 14059

Scopulini

Oar tertia Hausmann 2009

ot

ot ot

Male genitalia - aedeagus -- female genitalia

BC ZSM Lep 24277 (holotype), 24319

Previously misidentified under Oar pratana (Rebel 1907; Hausmann 2006).

Scopula (Zygophyxia) tornisecta (Prout, 1916)

st

Male genitalia - aedeagus -- female genitalia

BC ZSM Lep 14057

Scopula colymbas Herbulot, 1994

sc

Male genitalia - aedeagus -- female genitalia

BC ZSM Lep 14031, 14032

Scopula fulvicolor (Hampson, 1899)

sf

Male genitalia - aedeagus -- female genitalia

BC ZSM Lep 14026, 14027

Scopula dhofarata Wiltshire, 1986

sd

Male genitalia - aedeagus -- female genitalia

BC ZSM Lep 14028

Scopula atricapilla Prout, 1934

sa

Male genitalia - aedeagus -- female genitalia

BC ZSM Lep 24323

Scopula latitans (Prout, 1920)

sl

Male genitalia - aedeagus -- female genitalia

BC ZSM Lep 14029, 14030, 14056, 14051, 14052

Scopula lactaria (Walker, 1861)

sl

Male genitalia - aedeagus -- female genitalia

BC ZSM Lep 14036, 14037

Scopula adelpharia (Püngeler, 1894)

(Hausmann 2006)

Scopula minorata (Boisduval, 1833)

(Hausmann 2006) Presence on the island awaiting confirmation. Some barcoded specimens with minorata habitus revealed to belong to S. rhodinaria

Scopula rhodinaria (Rebel, 1907)

sr

Male genitalia - aedeagus -- female genitalia

BC ZSM Lep 14033, 14034, 14035, 14038, 14039, 14040, 14050, 14051, 14055

Scopula (Glossotrophia) disparata (Hampson, 1903)

sd

Male genitalia - aedeagus -- female genitalia

BC ZSM Lep 14041, 14042, 14043, 14044, 14049, 14053, 14054

Cosymbiini

Traminda mundissima (Walker, 1861)

tm

Male genitalia - aedeagus -- female genitalia

BC ZSM Lep 14022, 14023

Palaeaspilates mariusi Hausmann, 2009

pm pm

pmg pma

pmf

Male genitalia (holotype) - aedeagus (holotype) -- female genitalia (paratype)

BC ZSM Lep 13996 (holotype), 13997, 13998, 13999, 14000

Geometrinae

Comibaenini

Microbaena pulchra minor Hausmann, 1996

mp

Male genitalia - aedeagus -- female genitalia

BC ZSM Lep 24315

Comostolini

Eucrostes pygmaea Rebel, 1907

ep

Male genitalia - aedeagus -- female genitalia

BC ZSM Lep 14001, 14002, 14045, 14046

Species status confirmed by DNA barcode data

Hemitheini

Phaiogramma faustinata (Millière, 1868)

pf

Male genitalia - aedeagus -- female genitalia

BC ZSM Lep 14009

Neromia pulvereisparsa (Hampson, 1896)

np

Male genitalia - aedeagus -- female genitalia

BC ZSM Lep 14007, 14008

Mimaplasta canui Herbulot, 1993

mc

Male genitalia - aedeagus -- female genitalia

BC ZSM Lep 14005, 14006

Microloxiini

Microloxia ruficornis Warren, 1897

mr

Male genitalia - aedeagus -- female genitalia

BC ZSM Lep 14003, 14004, 14047, 14048

possibly referring to two different species, cf. Hausmann (2009)

Acidaliastis micra Hampson, 1896

(Hausmann 2006)

Ennominae

Boarmiini

Cleora littoralis Herbulot, 1999

cm cm cm

Male genitalia - aedeagus -- female genitalia

BC ZSM Lep 24276, 24317, 24318

Cleora rothkirchi amydropa Fletcher, 1967

cr

Male genitalia - aedeagus -- female genitalia

BC ZSM Lep 13993, 13994

Caberini

Lhommeia aediphlebia (Hampson, 1899)

ha

Male genitalia - aedeagus -- female genitalia

BC ZSM Lep 13995